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Relay - 10 October 2011

In this edition: Gaming revenues are a vital source of funding for community sports organisations and facilities. SPARC’s second comprehensive report on the impact of gaming revenues can be found in the Sports Development section of this edition, along with reports on several specific initiatives funded by gaming revenues.

Other highlights:

  • Sports Development: A U.K. exchange programme with South African rugby clubs is thriving as it introduces a new generation of Britons to the game;
  • Young People: The “Bridging the Gap” research project from England Athletics is full of insight for youth athletics coaches, providers and administrators on retaining, progressing and improving young athletes’ performance;
  • Recreation: A research report commissioned by The Camping and Caravanning Club of the United Kingdom examines the social and psychological benefits of camping.

In this Relay

High Performance Sport

Council votes to fund national cycling centre of excellence – 14 Sep 2011
Waikato Regional Council has voted 6-3 in favour of a $6 million funding request to help build a national cycling centre of excellence, including a velodrome, near Cambridge. Council chairman Peter Buckley said it had been a difficult decision, but one which had been made by councillors who had a complete picture of the proposal. (Waikato Regional Council)

All-weather ASB Football Park set for October opening – 6 Sep 2011
A new state-of-the-art $1.6 million artificial football turf at Christchurch’s ASB Football Park (formerly English Park) is on track to be completed by the end of September. The new turf is designed to remain playable in all weathers and upgraded lighting will improve conditions for play and be more friendly for neighbours. This is the first turf of its kind in Christchurch and only the second installed in New Zealand via the FIFA Goal Programme, following the success of a similar turf at North Harbour Stadium. (Christchurch City Council)

Los Angeles to host 2015 Special Olympics World Summer Games – 14 Sep 2011
The Special Olympics World Summer Games will return to the US for the first time in 16 years after it was announced that Los Angeles would host the 2015 event. (SportsFeatures)

Doha to provide a "new frontier" for world sport – 19 Sep 2011
Qatar will present a "new frontier" in world sport if the 2017 World Athletics Championships are awarded to Doha, according to Qatar bid committee President Sheikh Saoud bin Abdulrahman Al Thani. Qatar is competing with London for the right to stage the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) event, but Sheikh Saoud insisted that Doha already has the infrastructure in place to stage the Championships. (Australasian Leisure Management)

Christchurch to host Olympic Welcome Home – 14 Sep 2011
Christchurch will host the official Welcome Home Event of the New Zealand Olympic Team after the London Olympic Games next year. Olympic athletes Alison Shanks (cycling), Valerie Adams (athletics) and Mahe Drysdale (rowing) have already pledged their support. (BikeNZ)

Nelson to investigate hosting U-20 FIFA World Cup – 24 Aug 2011
Nelson City Council will investigate the possibility of making a bid to be a host city for the 2015 FIFA Under 20’s World Cup. Nelson is one of 12 Councils invited to submit a Request for Proposal to New Zealand Football. (Nelson City Council)

Sports Development

Gaming funding into the sport and recreation sector: an update for 2010 and comparison with 2007 – September 2011
This is SPARC’s second report on gaming funding into sport and recreation. Funds from gaming remain an important source of income for the sector, with grants from all the gaming machine societies estimated to contribute $100 million annually. This report looks at the contribution of the four major societies that distribute around eighty percent of grants into the sport and recreation sector. The results for 2010 are compared with those from 2007, and confirm what many in the sector are already aware of – that there was a decline in gaming funds over that time. The report also provides information on where funding goes (by sport and region) and the purpose. (SPARC)

NZCT funding huge boost for Masters Games success – 6 Jun 2011
The New Zealand Community Trust (NZCT) has come on board as the major funder of the South Island Masters Games, to be held for the first time in Nelson in October this year. NZCT is the largest funder of amateur sport in New Zealand, and CEO Mike Knell says the Masters Games is a great example of the type of projects NZCT funds. “Given the number of participants and sports involved, we felt this was a great initiative to support,” says Mr Knell. (South Island Masters Games)

NZCT funds Wellington Indoor Community Sports Centre – 27 Aug 2011
The New Zealand Community Trust (NZCT) has provided a substantial contribution ($350,000) towards the Wellington Indoor Community Sports Centre such as the fit-out of critical sports equipment, including basketball hoops, handball curtains, volleyball nets, futsal and korfball goals, a dividing curtain and electronic scoreboard. NZCT is also providing funding to support the on-going delivery of a ‘Youth in Sport’ programme. (New Zealand Community Trust)

Multi-year grants now allowed from gaming machine proceeds – 5 Oct 2011
The Government has approved the Department of Internal Affairs’ proposal to remove the prohibition in gambling regulations on multi-year grants. New regulations came into effect on 15 September 2011, which include requirements to ensure that multi-year grant arrangements comply with the Gambling Act 2003, and help mitigate associated risks. (CommunityNet Aotearoa)

WADA Executive Committee approves 2012 Prohibited List and funding for new scientific research – 17 Sep 2011
The World Anti-Doping Agency has approved the List of Prohibited Substances and Methods for 2012 at its Executive Committee Meeting hosted by the IOC in Lausanne, Switzerland. The new List is to be published by October 1, and will take effect on January 1, 2012. As one of the cornerstones in the global fight against doping, the List specifies substances and methods prohibited in sport, and it is a mandatory document for all organisations that have adopted the World Anti-Doping Code. (World Anti-Doping Agency)

Russia/NZ Memorandum of Understanding to benefit sport and business – 12 Sep 2011 (PDF, 4.34 Mb)
The New Zealand Olympic Committee has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Russia which signals a commitment to connect the two countries through sport and the Olympic Movement. A meeting between Olympic and government representatives preceded the signing of the agreement by Deputy Prime Minister of Russia His Excellency Alexander Zhukov and President of the New Zealand Olympic Committee Mike Stanley. (New Zealand Olympic Committee) 

Olympic boxing must remain amateur despite moves to turn it professional – 22 Aug 2011
Frank Warren, one of Britain’s most successful professional boxing promoters, has claimed that the sport at the Olympics must remain amateur despite plans from the International Boxing Association (AIBA) to move it towards professionalism after London 2012. (The Sport Digest)

Canterbury rugby finds a home – 8 Sep 2011
The Crusader and Canterbury rugby teams will be based at the Christchurch City Council-owned Rugby League Park from early next year, following a decision by the Council to contribute a million dollars to the development of the park and to allow its sublease from the Canterbury Rugby Football League to the Canterbury Rugby Football Union. (Christchurch City Council)

Working in the Fish Bowl – 13 Sep 2011
Following Garry Cook's resignation from English Premier League club Manchester City, Paul Daniels, head of sport at Russell Jones & Walker, looks at employment law in the world of sport. (Sport Business)

UK Sport’s South African rugby exchange programme thrives – 21 Sep 2011
As part of the Memorandum of Understanding between UK Sport and the South African government, the South African Rugby Union is placing players with rugby clubs across the UK to help young players, particularly those from communities that have not traditionally played the game, to develop in the sport. (UK Sport)

Pathways through participation: what creates and sustains active citizenship? – September 2011
The report of a joint research project led by National Council for Voluntary Organisations in partnership with the Institute for Volunteering Research and Involve, which started in April 2009 and reported in September 2011. The project aimed to explore how and why people get involved and stay involved in different forms of participation in society over the course of their lives. The project looked at participation in a very broad sense and considered the act of taking part in a wide range of social or civic activities. (Institute for Volunteering Research)

Internet sport bloggers: Who are these people and where do they come from? – September 2011
Little is known of internet sport bloggers, who increasingly are becoming important cogs in sport journalism. In this research, semi-structured interviews were conducted with highly prominent sport bloggers. (Journal of Sport Administration and Supervision)

Sport Science, Medicine and Coaching

Fast recovery from distractions: the thought pattern interrupt – 9 Sep 2011
Athletes in every sport will from time to time lose focus, become self-conscious, have self-doubts and worry. Emotions with strong physical components are the worst because they have what’s called an attractor field – an energy field that can be quite intense and can affect the senses such as sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste. Often the result is a closed thought loop and corresponding mood that can be beyond upsetting, and the resulting anxiety, anger, disappointment, confusion and self-doubt can really hurt a racer’s performance. (Podium Sports Journal)

Sports psychology handbook guides competitors to peak performance and maximum potential – 31 Aug 2011
The Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, an international society for mind-body research, healthcare, and education, recently published the first handbook on sport psychology, neurofeedback, and biofeedback to offer performance techniques for reaching maximum potential. “Biofeedback and Neurofeedback Applications in Sport Psychology” contributes to each field as it ties the physicality of sport performance to the "mental game." (Newswise)
Do athletes excel at everyday tasks? – October 2011
Cognitive enhancements are associated with sport training. This study extended the sport-cognition literature by using a realistic street-crossing task to examine the multi-tasking and processing speed abilities of collegiate athletes and non-athletes. (Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise)

The importance of driving distance and driving accuracy on the PGA and Champions Tours – August 2011
The question of whether driving distance or driving accuracy is more important to a golfer’s overall level of performance has long been debated.  The results in this paper indicate that the relative importance of driving distance and driving accuracy depends upon both the type of hole (Par 4 hole versus Par 5 hole) and the age of the golfer. (The Sport Journal)

The effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on the inflammatory response to eccentric strength exercise – 1 Sep 2011
Omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3) have anti-inflammatory properties. However, it is not known if omega-3 supplementation attenuates exercise-induced inflammation. This study tested the hypothesis that omega-3 supplementation reduces inflammation that is induced by eccentric arm curl exercise.  (Journal of Sports Science and Medicine)

Hormone-mediated strategies to enhance training and performance – 2010
Rugby union is a highly competitive and physically demanding contact sport in which successful outcomes rely on strength, power, speed, and endurance. Resistance training is a potent stimulus for skeletal muscle strength and power adaptation. Training stimuli and loads modulate adaptation. Adaptive responses are mediated by cellular and molecular events, and actualised by alterations in gene expression. The steroid hormones testosterone and cortisol play a role in the adaptive process and subsequent training outcomes. This thesis investigates strategies intended to modify salivary hormone responses and affect resistance training outcomes. (Auckland University of Technology)

Use of Music in Exercise – 2011
Music use by exercisers and athletes has become commonplace but selection of music is often intuitive rather than scientific. For this reason, sport and exercise scientists have considered the role of evidence-based music prescription for physical activity. This expert statement  outlines the current status of music research, summarises research themes and findings, and concludes with recommendations for practitioners and researchers. (British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences)

The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Expert Statement on Emotion Regulation in Sport – 2011
Emotions experienced before and during sports competition influence performance. Appropriate emotional responses might be beneficial to an athlete by, for example, improving the economy of movement, improving the quality of interaction with team-mates, reducing the risk of disciplinary action and/or injury. Emotion regulation is regarded by sport psychologists as an important psychological skill. In the following expert statement, research findings from sport and relevant areas of psychology are reviewed prior to a discussion of the implications for athletes and practitioners. (British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences)

Tools for speed development – August 2011
Speed development is an important element of an athlete’s physical preparation. This article provides an overview of the major tools used in speed training and discusses how these change as an athlete’s level of development changes. (National Strength and Conditioning Association)

Sports nutrition: the latest research into low glycogen training – September 2011
This article recaps on the ‘train low, race high’ theory and why it could be potentially beneficial. It looks at the latest research into low glycogen training and suggests how athletes can use these findings. (Peak Performance)

Exploring the organisational effect of prenatal testosterone on the sporting brain -1 Sep 2011
The 2D:4D ratio is a putative marker for prenatal testosterone and has the potential to explain variations in sport performance. To date there has been little research into the association between sporting performance, digit ratio and psychological variables. This study examined the relationship between 2D:4D and mental toughness, optimism, goal orientations, aggression, coping style and their association with sporting achievement. (Journal of Sports Science and Medicine)

Sports fanaticism and its impact on relationships – 13 Sep 2011
For millions of Americans, fall ushers in the ultimate season — football — when the smell of pigskin perfumes the air and sometimes blurs the line between a fan and a fanatic. “For some people, watching football can become an obsession,” says Josh Klapow, Ph.D., clinical psychologist in the School of Public Health from University of Alabama at Birmingham. Dedication to a sport or team is normal, Klapow says, but a football addiction can endanger relationships and wreak havoc on the life of a super-fan. (University of Alabama at Birmingham)

Pre-service physical education teachers’ implementation of “TGfU tennis”: assessing elementary students’ game play using the  Game Performance Assessment Instrument – 2011
This article reports on a study of upper elementary students’ learning of three games components (base, decision-making, skill execution) as a result of their participation in a tennis unit taught by pre-service physical education teachers using Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU). This is a games-centred teaching model that was initially intended to address traditional games teaching’s limitations, especially with respect to such things as techniques-based instruction and sustaining learners’ games interest.  (Physical & Health Education Academic Journal)

Active Communities

Licensing trust helps with the development of new programmes at FlaXrock – 1 Sep 2011
Increased funding will allow new children’s programmes to be developed at FlaXrock recreation centre. FlaXrock is a Hastings District Council run facility in Flaxmere that provides the community with sporting, fitness, adventure and social activities. (Hastings District Council)

SPARC approves funding for Active Communities projects – 16 Sep 2011
A Taranaki pilot project to teach pre-school children the skills they need to ride a bike independently has been given the green light after securing Active Communities funding from Sport and Recreation New Zealand (SPARC). The pilot is one of six projects awarded Active Communities investment by SPARC. All six projects involve collaborations between different funding partners who have come up with new ways to get communities involved in sport and recreation. (Australasian Leisure Management) For more information on SPARC funding active communities click on the following link to take you to SPARC’s active communities webpage.

Project Windsurf-UK - another model for New Zealand Windsurfing to follow – September 2011
Project Windsurf-UK was officially launched as a Royal Yachting Association initiative at the National Windsurfing Festival. The programme provides an example of what collaboration between windsurfing and yachting could look like in New Zealand. (Windsurfing NZ)

British Active People Survey 5: Quarter 2 results – 16 June 2011
The Active People Survey is the largest ever survey of sport and active recreation to be undertaken in Europe. On 15 October 2010, Active People Survey 5 (2010/11) commenced. Active People Survey 5 will run until 14 October 2011. Results from the latest four quarters of the survey (rolling 12 months, April 2010 to April 2011) can be downloaded from the documents listed. These include overall adult sport participation, weekly participation rates in Sport England's NGB funded sports and detailed sport-by-sport factsheets. (Sport England)

Governments need to step up: defibrillators will save sporting lives – 2 Sep 2011
Sports Medicine Australia in partnership with Defib Your Club, For Life! is calling for the mandatory placement of defibrillators in all sporting clubs and facilities in the wake of a recent tragic death. Statistics show that one in every 1,000 persons has an undiagnosed heart complaint, and a cardiac arrest can occur without prior warning signs or symptoms. About 30,000 Australians die of sudden cardiac arrest each year. (Sports Medicine Australia)

Scottish Theatre and Creative Scotland raising the profile of Dance in Scotland – August 2011
Scottish Theatre and Creative Scotland have produced a report to raise the profile of Dance in Scotland, recommending changes and developments which strengthen and reinforce Dance's place in Scottish society.   Both full and summary reports are available on this site. (Physical Activity and Health Alliance, Scotland)

New Central Auckland cycling map – 13 Sep 2011
Auckland Transport has issued a new cycle map to promote cycling in central Auckland. The map includes new cycle infrastructure completed since 2008. The map ranges from Waiheke Island, Avondale, Ellerslie, Auckland CBD, Onehunga and Mission Bay and includes improvements suggested by cyclists, cycling groups and walkers. (Auckland Transport)

New generation of surfers takes to the waves – 7 Sep 2011
Surfing Australia and the Australian Government have launched SurfGroms, a national junior development programme to encourage five to 12 year-olds to participate in surfing. Launching the programme at North Bondi, Minister for Sport Mark Arbib said it was the first of its type in the world. (Australian Sports Commission)


Tāwharanui Marine Reserve opened – 28 Aug 2011
Minister of Conservation Kate Wilkinson has officially opened the country's newest marine reserve near Warkworth, north of Auckland. The Tāwharanui Marine Reserve covers approximately 400 hectares of the northern coast of the Tāwharanui Peninsula near Kawau Island. (Department of Conservation)

Funding confirmed for new Hawke’s Bay Wineries Ride – 21 Sep 2011
Nga Haerenga, The New Zealand Cycle Trail project and the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council have confirmed funding for a new Wineries Ride in the Hawke’s Bay. The Wineries Ride will be one of three rides that will make up the Hawke’s Bay Trails (187km). The Water Ride and Landscapes Ride are both fully funded and already well under construction. (The New Zealand Cycle Trail)

Nature’s own stimulus package – 24 Sep 2011
For many stressed-out families, spending more time in the natural world — a nature stimulus package — may be just what the doctor and the economist ordered. Outlined here are a few of the benefits, updated from an earlier post. (Children and Nature Network)

Are those who camp richer for it? - The psychological and social benefits of the camping experience – March 2011
This report, commissioned by The Camping and Caravanning Club of the United Kingdom, offers insight into how both children and adults view camping. The report draws on the notion of emotional wealth and positions those who camp as being on the rich list and has a section titled “Meet the Rich Kids”. The full report can be found at Mountain Safety Council website (PDF) .

Recreational game hunting: motivations, satisfactions and participation – June 2010
This report reviews the international and New Zealand literature on hunter motivations, factors influencing hunter satisfaction, and participation. The objectives of this report are to review New Zealand and international literature to identify the main motivations for participating in hunting, to identify the factors that influence hunter satisfaction, and to make an initial assessment of New Zealand participation levels. (Lincoln University)

Cycle trail consent application open for submissions – 9 Sep 2011
The Around the Mountains Cycle Trail is one more step along the track with its resource consent application, being notified and open for submissions. Further information on the trail is available from Southland District Council's website and submissions close on 23 September. (Southland District Council)

Boating incidents dominate August fatalities – 12 Sep 2011
Six drowning fatalities resulting from recreational boating incidents stand out in statistics released by Water Safety New Zealand. The total number of drowning deaths in August is provisionally reported at nine. There have been 84 deaths in the year to date, only three below the total number of drowning deaths recorded in all of 2010 (87). (Water Safety NZ)

New scenic walkway opening in Bay of Islands – September 2011
The final stage of a walkway that winds through coastal beaches, mangroves and native bush between Okiato and Russell in the Bay of Islands officially opened to the public on Saturday, 24 September. The 8.2km walkway was developed by the Bay of Islands Walkways Trust with funding support from the New Zealand Walking Access Commission, New Zealand Lottery Grants Board and ASB Community Trust. (Walking Access)

Queenstown Bike Park opens for first full season – 19 Sep 2011
Around 50 keen mountain bikers including guest of honour, former junior world downhill mountain bike champion Scarlett Hagen, celebrated the opening of the first full season for Queenstown Bike Park on Saturday, 17 September. (Endurance Sport)

Young People

Bridging the Gap research project – 23 Aug 2011
Research to provide insight into the development and retention of young athletes was commissioned by England Athletics and carried out by Sheffield Hallam International Research Centre. The study was initiated with providers, organisers and enablers of youth athletics in mind, and aimed at guiding and informing providers of youth athletics in reviewing practice. The focus concentrates specifically on performance, progression, retention in sport, and drop out by young talented athletes. The full report can be downloaded from this site. (England Athletics)

"Food company sponsors are kind, generous and cool": (Mis)conceptions of junior sports players – 5 Sep 2011
Children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing influences their food knowledge, preferences and consumption. Sport sponsorship by food companies is widespread and industry investment in this marketing is increasing. This study aimed to assess children's awareness of sport sponsors and their brand-related attitudes and purchasing intentions in response to this marketing. (International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity)

UCI Road World Championships: 250 athletes attend first UCI Junior Conference – 23 Sep 2011
The first edition of the conference for riders in the Juniors category, held in Copenhagen during the Road World Championships, brought together 250 young athletes from all over the world. (Union Cycliste Internationale)

Coaching kids successfully: 100 years of motor development research – September 2011
It is important to understand the guidelines and principles surrounding coaching young athletes. Principles for coaches involved in track and field are provided including the development of athletes, the principle that children are not miniature adults, that boys and girls are more alike than different, that good things are earned, and that no body (nobody) is perfect. (SIRC)

Have you got what it takes to be a crew leader? – 16 Sep 2011
A British group, Run Dem Crew Youngers is looking for young people between 14 and 21 years old to volunteer and create a running crew in their local area. Known as a Crew Leader, each volunteer will be responsible for encouraging young people to come together and run as a group, while sharing creative ideas and taking part in creative sessions. (SkillsActive)

Count to 10 before speaking – 6 Sep 2011
When our youth is exposed to athletics from an early age, it exponentially expounds their growth in many different facets, including, but not limited to teamwork, social skills, accountability, physical fitness, body awareness, motor control, and most importantly, true joy. However, what happens when parents or coaches cannot control their behaviour? What effects does this have on the perception of our youth? (The Sport Digest)

Bill McLaren Foundation announces partnership support of new youth rugby programme – 31 Aug 2011
Coaching Scotland, in association with The Bill McLaren Foundation, has unveiled a new programme to be targeted at all rugby clubs and rugby playing schools in Scotland.  Positive Coaching Scotland is a cultural change programme that shapes youngsters lives with the help of parents, coaches and teachers to make playing rugby fun. It achieves this by engaging with them in a practical coaching philosophy which nurtures a can-do attitude and greater self-belief. (sportscotland)

Child Protection in Sport Unit celebrates 10th anniversary – 13 Aug 2011
The Northern Ireland National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) and Sport Northern Ireland have welcomed 10 years of working together to safeguard local children and young people involved in sport. Founded in 2001, the Child Protection in Sport Unit ensures that sports bodies are pro-active in implementing good practice and taking appropriate action when concerns are raised. It also assists in the development of the necessary safeguarding policies, practices and guidance. (Sport Northern Ireland)
Reporting on the pan-Canadian Survey re: Children and Nature – 2011
Throughout 2010, the Alberta Recreation and Parks Association undertook efforts to conduct a pan-Canadian survey on behalf of the Canadian Parks and Recreation Association to assist in providing a clearer picture of the current situation pertaining to children and their connection to nature in Canada. The survey results are summarised in this report. (Canadian Parks and Recreation Association)

Useful Weblinks 

Premier’s Council for Active Living (PCAL) Bulletin, which provides people interested in promoting active living choices within NSW with relevant up-to-date news and research. The monthly bulletins focus on material applicable to the broad range of NSW agencies represented on PCAL and are archived here for your future reference. For example, the August edition holds information on Lessons from Dublin's BikeShare success, one of the most successful bike rental schemes in the world with over 58,000 subscribers and 2.2 million rentals so far.

Australian website Play by the Rules has a club toolkit which provides templates of basic policies and guidelines for clubs. Included are Member Protection Policy, Code of Behaviour, Spectator Behaviour Policy and others.