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Relay - 23 November 2011

In this edition: The cost, effort and resources required to host international sporting tournaments makes it vital for organisers to plan both for events’ legacies and evaluations once they’ve been hosted. The High Performance section includes research on the legacy of the 2009 Special Olympics, discussion around the legacy of the upcoming London Olympics and information on the evaluation already under way by the city of Auckland following this year’s Rugby World Cup.

Other highlights:

  • Sports Development: Another legacy of hosting international sporting events is sports tourism. A white paper commissioned by Tourism Toronto and the Canadian Sport Tourism Alliance presents  a case for why the province of Ontario needs to engage strategically in sport tourism;
  • Sports Medicine: A new research report looks at the incidence, treatment and prognosis for foot and ankle injuries commonly suffered by amateur sportspeople, defined as “weekend warriors”;
  • Young People: New Australian research examines results of a randomised control study into school based interventions intended to increase children’s physical activity and improve social skills.

In this Relay

High Performance Sport

On time and on budget with 1,000 days to go until Glasgow 2014 – 27 Oct 2011
With just 1,000 days to go until the opening ceremony for Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games, the latest Games Partners' Progress Report confirms this major sporting event is "on track and on budget". The report, available on this site, illustrates that good progress is being made across all areas and that with a little under three years to go, Scotland is already reaping the economic and social benefits of hosting the Games. (EventScotland)

Learning disability, sport, and legacy: a report by the Legacy Research Group on the Special Olympics GB National Summer Games Leicester 2009 – June 2011
The first-ever comprehensive study of the impact of the Special Olympics Great Britain’s National Summer Games has concluded that sport not only provides enormous social and health benefits for people with learning disabilities, but it can also act as a pathway to a greater sense of citizenship and inclusivity. (English Federation of Disability Sport)

Qatar urged to scrap air conditioning for World Cup stadia – 10 Nov 2011
With its bid to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup based upon using state-of-the-art in stadium air conditioning, the architect in charge of the design of one of the venues has claimed this week that a more traditional solution would work better and cost less. Speaking at this week's International Football Arena conference in Zurich, Populous Director John Barrow suggested that air conditioning systems would be too expensive and "notoriously unsustainable" for the environment when used on a large scale. (Australasian Leisure Management)

Closing the gap: Improving standards in the women’s game – 28 Oct 2011
“Germany 2011 was the best FIFA Women’s World Cup ever,” writes FIFA President Joseph S. Blatter in the foreword to September’s technical report into this year’s women’s footballing showpiece. The President’s glowing assessment of the tournament is borne out by the pages of the report that follow. Breaking the game down into its nuts and bolts from a technical and tactical standpoint, the 164-page publication by FIFA’s Technical Study Group provides firm evidence of the ever-improving standards in the women’s game. The report can be viewed at (PDF).

London 2012 sets the standard for sustainability – 2Nov 2011
Deborah Meaden from Dragons' Den and Grand Designs' Kevin McCloud were among a group of London 2012 Sustainability Ambassadors who paid a visit to the Olympic Park today, as the London 2012 Organising Committee was recognised for its ground-breaking approach to sustainability. (London 2012)

In retreat: the legacy of London – October 2011
With fewer than ten months left in the diary before the Olympic flame is ignited in London Jonathan Ives casts an eye over recent pronouncements on the efficacy of legacy planning. It seems that a consensus has been reached regarding the legacy of the thirtieth summer Olympiad. Promises of a transformation in participation in the host nation, upon which rested a sizeable part of the Games’ legacy in the London bid book and with which the government largely justified its sizeable investment, have, according to a number of those individuals and organisations closely involved with the delivery of this legacy, already come to nothing. (The Leisure Review)

RWC co-hosting NZ’s only option unless IRB funding rules change – 26 Oct 2011
The only way New Zealand can afford to hold the Rugby World Cup again is co-hosting with Australia – unless the International Rugby Board shares its profits with future Rugby World Cup hosts, says a Massey University economics lecturer. Dr Sam Richardson says the country now has the infrastructure in place and has proved itself a great venue. However, the funding model needs to change to allow small countries hosting the tournament to cover costs and enjoy tangible economic benefits. (Massey University)

Auckland’s Rugby World Cup 2011 evaluation under way – 3 Nov 2011
A comprehensive evaluation of all parts of Auckland’s Rugby World Cup 2011 programme is under way and results will be made public over the coming months. RWC 2011 Auckland Management Committee chair Doug McKay says the bulk of the evaluation was planned by Auckland Tourism, Events and Economic Development Ltd and involves multiple stakeholders. (Auckland Council)

Sports Development

What sport in the UK is doing to tackle corruption and match fixing – 2 Nov 2011
Following the guilty verdicts in the corruption trial of the Pakistani cricketers, it is timely to investigate what the Sport and Recreation Alliance has been doing to tackle corrupt betting in the £38bn a year UK sports betting industry. (Sport and Recreation Alliance UK)

New 17,000-seat temporary stadium for Canterbury – 8 Nov 2011
A new temporary stadium with seating for 17,000 will be built in Christchurch for major sporting and cultural events. Construction will start on Rugby League Park shortly and is expected to be completed by March next year, in time for the 2012 Super Rugby season and the Crusaders’ first home game. (New Zealand Government)

Chiefs and Hamilton council broker new deal – 1 Nov 2011
Hamilton City Council and the Chiefs Super Rugby franchise have agreed a new deal for the use of Waikato Stadium. The deal will see the Chiefs play a minimum of five Super Rugby matches at the venue, with Council to receive a competitive percentage of the combined gross ticket sales from each game, in line with current sporting event market practice. Should the Chiefs host the competition’s final, it will be held at Waikato Stadium. (Hamilton City Council)

Gender equity in Canadian Inter-university sport: a biannual report  – October 2011
Researchers at the University of Toronto conducted the most comprehensive analysis to date of gender equity in Canada’s inter-university sport system, finding that the country has a long way to go in providing equal opportunities for female student-athletes and leaders.  The report, which will become a bi-annual check-up, calls for national and regional inter-university sport bodies to establish stronger equity policies and take the lead in improving opportunities for female athletes and coaches. (University of Toronto)

Irish Sports Council launches Android anti-doping application – 3 Nov 2011
The Irish Sports Council has launched a new anti-doping application that is available to Android phone users allowing them to check their prescribed and over the counter medications purchased in the Republic of Ireland before they take them to ensure they are compliant with anti-doping regulations. (Irish Sports Council)

WADA releases educational tool kit for sport physicians – 27 Oct 2011
WADA has produced a new tool kit to help sports physicians develop anti-doping education programmes which can be adapted and customised to suit local cultures, conditions and resources. The ‘Sport Physician’s Tool Kit’ is available via the WADA website and will serve as an important aid for doctors across the world in their efforts to enhance knowledge of the risks involved in doping in sport. (World Anti-Doping Agency)

World Boxing Federation Wants Female Boxers to Wear Skirts– 1 Nov 2011
Women will get a chance to box in the Olympics for the first time in 2012 in London, but if the Amateur International Boxing Association has anything to say about it, they will be wearing skirts. It has introduced a trial alternate uniform, asking female boxers to wear skirts to distinguish from the men, it says. (Australian Womensport & Recreation Association)

From sport to health and back again: investigating the effects of policy change on regional sports trusts – February 2011
This research explored how central government decisions have impacted on regional and local delivery of sport policy initiatives in the New Zealand context. Regional Sports Trusts (RSTs) have been granted the prominent new role of implementing one of the two components of the Kiwisport initiative; a programme that marks a significant shift in government priorities in relation to sport and physical activity. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the effects, consequences and trade-offs for RSTs that have emerged through delivering these policy changes into their communities. This study furthermore intended to contribute to the developing field of sport policy literature, and more specifically the distinctly under-researched area of sport participation policy. (University of Otago)

Exploring players' perceptions about alcohol: the impact of alcohol on the rugby team culture – 2011
This investigation explored senior club level rugby union players’ perceptions about alcohol and the impact that alcohol has on rugby team culture. The following basic research questions underpinned the study: What are the key perceptions rugby players hold about the consumption of alcohol? What are the emerging impacts of alcohol consumption on the team culture of rugby?  (University of Waikato)

The role of sports brands in niche sport subcultures – 2011
This research investigates the role of sports brands in niche sport subcultures, athletes’ perception of brands and the role of brands in building group identity. The dissertation examines theory on ‘subcultures of consumption’, ‘brand communities’ and ‘leisure activities’. The research is based on two contrasting cases and adopts an ethnographic approach. (Auckland University of Technology)

White Paper: The case for the province of Ontario to engage strategically in sport tourism – January 2011
The Province of Ontario has an opportunity to strategically engage sport tourism as a legacy of hosting the 2015 Pan American and Parapan American Games, according to a white paper commissioned by Tourism Toronto and the Canadian Sport Tourism Alliance. Sport tourism is one of the fastest growing segments of the tourism industry in Canada with approximately $3.4 billion in annual spending by domestic travellers. (Canadian Sport Tourism Alliance)

Sport Science, Medicine and Coaching

Communication privacy management in college athletics: exploring privacy dilemmas in the athletic/academic advisor student-athlete interpersonal relationship – September 2011
The study explored how athletic/academic advisers managed privacy boundaries with college student-athletes. The researcher interviewed 37 athletic/academic advisors to address one central research question: What type of dilemmas do athletic/academic advisors experience when managing the privacy boundary surrounding student-athletes’ private information? (Journal of Sports Administration and Supervision)

Contemporary issues of heat illnesses – September 2011
Heat illnesses are of major concern. More and more high school, college, and professional athletes are suffering from and/or dying from heat related illnesses. Medical professionals, parents, coaches, and athletes need to be aware of prevention and treatment procedures in case an emergency occurs. (Sport Journal)

The effects of low and high glycaemic index foods on exercise performance and beta-endorphin responses – 20 Oct 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the consumption of foods of various glycaemic index values on performance, beta-endorphin levels and substrate (fat and carbohydrate) use during prolonged exercise. (Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition)

Exercises to strengthen the gluteus medius muscle – October 2011
The gluteus medius (GM) is a laterally oriented hip muscle that contributes to core stabilisation and athletic performance. An athlete with dysfunctional GM strength may be at risk for lower extremity injuries including patella-femoral pain and low back pain. Improving GM strength may help to reduce the risk of injury and/or help return an athlete back to sport after an injury. (National Strength and Conditioning Association)

NBA players not immune to serious illness from norovirus: study reports outbreak affecting 13 NBA teams in 2010, suggests prevention steps – 28 Oct 2011
A new study describes a 2010 outbreak involving several NBA teams, the first known report of a norovirus outbreak in a professional sports association. Published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online (PDF), the study highlights unique circumstances for spreading this highly contagious virus among players and staff on and off the court. (Alpha Galileo)

Comparison of the traditional, swing, and chicken wing volleyball blocking techniques in NCAA Division 1 female athletes – 1 Sep 2011
In volleyball, blocking is highly correlated with team success. The identification of specific techniques that produce a more successful block would be helpful knowledge for coaches and players. This study compared the traditional, swing, and “chicken wing” blocking techniques in combination with the running step footwork pattern in order to determine which technique enabled athletes to perform a more effective block. (Journal of Sports Science and Medicine)

Conservative and surgical management of foot and ankle sporting injuries in the weekend warrior – 20 May 2011
A clinical review of the injuries that are regularly suffered by Joan and John Average is presented. Common presentations of conditions such as lateral ligament tears, talar osteochondral lesions, syndesmotic injuries and fifth metatarsal fractures are discussed along with the management and prognosis of these problems. Questions are answered including how does it occur; what should I do about it; what can somebody else do about it and what occurs in the future? (Journal of Foot and Ankle Research)

The gambling instinct in the context of extreme sports enthusiasts – 6 Oct 2011
The money-hustling schemes of the racecourse and parachuting may seem like worlds apart. But according to new research from the University of Bergen, extreme sport athletes may be just as addicted to thrill-seeking and their impulses as compulsive gamblers are. Whereas for gamblers the rising stakes may lead to a loss of money and economic woes, the extreme sport addicts exhibit a somewhat healthier lifestyle. (University of Bergen)

The revolution of the marathon: an unprecedented era – 1 Nov 2011
The marathon is in the midst of a quite extraordinary and unprecedented era. This was encapsulated by an incredible performance from Wilson Kipsang, who gave Patrick Makau's six-week old world record a real fright by running 2:03:42 in the Frankfurt Marathon. (Science of Sport)

Active Communities

Australian social trends- sport and physical recreation – June 2011
Sport is an important feature of the Australian lifestyle and plays a large part in the lives of many Australians. Participation in sport or physical recreation offers many benefits, ranging from simple enjoyment to improved health and the opportunity for social interaction. This article looks at the rates of participation in sport and physical recreation across Australia for people aged 15 years and over, by selected characteristics and by selected activities. (Australian Bureau of Statistics)

More for less: Sport England helps councils to cut costs but not sport provision – 28 Oct 2011
Senior figures from local authorities, leisure operators and Sport England are coming together to show that community sport programmes do not need to suffer as a result of pressure on council budgets. (Sport England)

Doors open on new indoor sports complex – 17 Oct 2011
Construction of a new indoor multi-sports complex at Hutt Park is complete and the facility is already welcoming visitors. The new facility boasts seven indoor courts, a Junglerama adventure playground, and a licensed café. Mayor Ray Wallace describes the new complex, operated by Wellington Indoor Sports, as a real asset for the city. (Hutt City Council)


Mountain Safety Council stakeholder summary report – March 2011
Stakeholders of Mountain Safety Council were surveyed so that it could better understand the quality of its delivery. These stakeholders were drawn from the vocational sector, community volunteer and government departments. The survey was grouped in five key areas: leadership and directions, communication, service delivery, quality of relationship, and overall performance. (Mountain Safety Council)

2011 US Outdoor Recreation Participation Report – 4 Oct 2011
The Outdoor Foundation's fifth annual Outdoor Recreation Participation Report gives a wide range of stakeholders including the outdoor industry, public agencies and community organisations a better understanding of the trends in outdoor recreation participation. The report is based on an online survey of more than 40,000 Americans aged six and older and covers 114 different outdoor activities. The report finds nearly 50 percent of all Americans aged six and older participated in outdoor recreation last year. That equates to 137.9 million Americans.  (Outdoor Foundation)

Parks Forum Annual Report 2010–2011 – August 2011
Parks Forum is the peak body for park management organisations in Australia and New Zealand. Its fundamental purpose is to enhance and increase the vital range of environmental, social and economic benefits that parks provide to the community. Its annual report can be viewed here. (Parks Forum)

Redwoods forest enthusiasts love 'The Manky' – 25 Oct 2011
A new forest map printed on a fabric called ‘The Manky,’ a combination of the words ‘map’ and ‘hanky’, has become a popular navigational tool for Whakarewarewa Forest and Redwoods enthusiasts. Rotorua District Council has updated old forest leaflets and maps and combined them all into one single booklet called ‘The Redwoods, Whakarewarewa Forest Recreation Guide’. (Rotorua District Council)

205 submissions received on cycle trail application – 30 Sep 2011
The Around the Mountain Cycle Trail has received a high level of public interest from both New Zealand and overseas, with a total of 205 submissions received. The proposed trail from Walter Peak to Kingston via Mossburn, Lumsden, Athol, and Garston has received 65 submissions in support, 26 supporting in principle, 109 in opposition, and five neutral. (Southland District Council)

Scotland's greenspace map - a world first! – September 2011
Scotland’s Greenspace Map is a world first. It is an innovative Geographical Information System -based map which provides comprehensive information on the location, extent and type of greenspace across all of Scotland’s urban settlements. The project report can be downloaded from this site. (greenspacescotland)

Young People

A school-based intervention to promote physical activity among adolescent girls: rationale, design, and baseline data from the Girls in Sport group randomised controlled trial – 19 Aug 2011
Physical activity levels decline markedly among girls during adolescence. School-based interventions that are multi-component in nature, simultaneously targeting curricular, school environment and policy, and community links, are a promising approach for promoting physical activity. This Australian report describes the rationale, design and baseline data from the Girls in Sport group randomised trial, which aims to prevent the decline in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity among adolescent girls. (BMC Public Health)

Where and how do Canadian children participate in sport? – July 2011
The 2010 Physical Activity Monitor asked parents whether their children primarily engage in sport in structured or unstructured environments, make use of a coach, train or compete for their sport. This bulletin describes these findings. (Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute)

How do I get little Janie (Johnny) interested in Track and Field? – 6 Oct 2011
Well-planned sports and team sport programs are a chance for children to learn valuable life lessons, including teamwork, discipline, leadership, conflict resolution, respect, integrity, self-confidence, and effective communication — all while having fun. Coaching Youth Track & Field stresses fun, safety, and effective instruction, helping create an environment which promotes learning, encourages a love of the sport, and motivates young athletes to come out year after year. (Sports Digest)

Schoolboy rugby: risk of suffering an injury during a single season can be high, UK study shows – 3 Oct 2011
A new study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine highlights the injury risks for schoolboys playing rugby. The research shows that the chance of a school player suffering an injury during a single season is at least 12 per cent and, according to some research, could be as high as 90 per cent. (Science Daily)

A rise in knee injuries seen in child and adolescent athletes – 17 Oct 2011
Sports-related knee injuries in children and adolescents seem to be increasing at an alarming rate. Researchers at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia noted a more than 400 percent increase in these injuries at their institution over the last decade, according to new research. (Medical News Today)

Virginia Tech bio-medical engineers announce child football helmet study – 18 Oct 2011
Virginia Tech has released results from the first study ever of child football helmets, which are currently designed to the same standards as adult helmets, even though little is known about how child football players impact their heads. This is the first study to investigate the head impact characteristics in youth football, and will greatly enhance the development of improved helmets specifically designed for children. (Virginia Tech)

Team sports can cure kids’ inactivity; improve character – 29 Sep 2011
Adding a practice schedule to the already long list of things parents have to accomplish after school may seem overwhelming, but experts at the University of Alabama at Birmingham say team sports can benefit a child’s body and mind. “Team sports are a great way young people can get their recommended daily exercise,” says Stephenie Wallace, M.D., UAB assistant professor of paediatrics. (University of Alabama at Birmingham)

London cricket clubs bowled over by success of Young Leaders programme – 19 Oct 2011
Almost 100 cricketers are one step closer to becoming coaches, umpires and groundspeople, following funded training from the Mayor of London. Old Elthamians Cricket Club established its Young Leaders in Cricket programme in 2010 after realising it had lots of teenage players but very few teenage volunteers. (SkillsActive)

US Healthy Kids Outdoors Act supports strategies to connect kids with nature – 3 Nov 2011
Two US politicians have introduced the Healthy Kids Outdoors Act to support state, local and federal strategies to connect youth and families with the natural world, improve children’s health and support future economic growth and conservation efforts. This legislation will help get Americans active outdoors through natural play; outdoor recreation such as camping, hiking, hunting and fishing; public health initiatives; outdoor learning environments; service learning and other initiatives. (Outdoors Alliance for Kids)

Hastings school opens new cycle track – 2 Nov 2011
Another Hastings school is joining the growing list of schools which have developed cycle tracks on their grounds. Support from a number of organisations has allowed Riverslea School to develop the track which will help teach children how to ride safely. (Hastings District Council)

Useful Weblinks

Community matters
The information and forms on this site are provided to help community and voluntary groups access the community advisory services and funding administered by the Department of Internal Affairs. It has all the community advisory service and funding information, funding criteria, funding checklists and forms, as well as Grants Online, a tool used to apply for some of the available funds.

Using social network for sport PR
Do you know whether tools like Facebook, Twitter, Blogs or Forums can help you communicate with your sporting community? Australian Womensport & Recreation Association has provided a number of modules relating to how you can develop a PR/Media Relations strategy for your club or sports association.