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Awarded Grants and Research Reports

Note: It is a condition of each research grant that the researcher submits a report on the research for publication on this website. The publication of these reports does not constitute Sport New Zealand's (Sport NZ) endorsement of the findings, nor is Sport NZ responsible for the content or quality of these reports.

2010/11 Research Grants

Eleven projects have been funded as part of the 2010/11 Research Grants round. A brief summary description follows below.

Cash, Sinkholes and Sources: Research – into critical financial issues facing grass roots sports clubs

Sport New Zealand has released a Victoria University study Cash, Sinkholes and Sources, funded by Sport NZ, which explored the financial issues facing grassroots sport, specifically golf and football clubs. This study builds on a 2008 study, which looked at six sports (golf, squash, hockey, rugby, cricket and netball) by zoning in on two sports football and golf in detail with the aim of helping sports detect financial stress in sports clubs.

Three main reports were produced (along with a summary report for each sport report):

More information

Below: Dr Carolyn Cordery discusses the Cash, Sinkholes and Sources report. Video courtesy of Victoria University.  

The 2008 study

The 2008 research analysed the financial data from 30 clubs. This has already been published on the Sport NZ website - Financing Sports Organisations in New Zealand: the impact of governors’ choices.

This research found that the financial health of sports clubs reduced over a two year-period, that gaming and philanthropic trusts are a major source of funding for team sports, and more than 40% of clubs have long-term debt.

The main findings were that some clubs cut their expenditure to meet revenue constraints, while others drew from entrepreneurial schemes to generate new funding, yet, overall there is an embedded reticence among clubs to seek alternative sources of funding.  This is likely to lead to financial vulnerability

The 2010 study

The 2010 study tackled the questions: How are community sport and recreation organisations funded and what are the implications for their future viability? by focusing on the sports of golf and football.

The practical aim of the study was to help sports clubs to detect when they are in financial distress, by isolating key indicators that can warn of impending financial difficulties (essentially develop an early warning system), so that clubs can benchmark and monitor their financial performance and be in a position to respond and develop strategies to manage their financial performance to ensure their future viability.

The findings from the 2010 study are not surprising. They suggest that the financial position of many clubs is sobering, with many (but certainly not all) in relatively poor financial health and with limited planning for the future. 

The research suggests that sports clubs should assess their financial sustainability, including:

  • Ensuring members’ contributions to the club’s revenue is appropriate and that they don’t solely rely on grants and other external revenues.
  • Keeping expenditure within the club’s revenue parameters, as opposed to drawing on reserves.
  • Keeping debt within manageable levels and not increasing over time. Further, the relationships between debt, equity and revenue must be managed carefully to ensure net assets are used efficiently.

Clubs need to monitor their performance against these key indicators and identify strategies to manage their financial performance to ensure their financial sustainability and longevity.

Further study

Victoria University are continuing to do some further work on the relationship between the three components of the their model (that is financial vulnerability , strategic and infrastructural capacity) to help  to better understand the key indicators  of a sports club’s financial health, and develop a quick and easy formula to assess and address the signs of financial vulnerability.

Outdoor recreation

Access to rivers and lakes by recreationalists 

Dr Kay Booth, Lindis Consulting (due date: 31 October 2011)

New Zealand's rivers and lakes face increasing pressure from competing uses. They are highly valued for recreation but a lack of information makes it difficult for decision-makers to understand the needs of recreationists and for organisations to advocate for recreational values. This project will scope the issues associated with measuring recreational use of rivers and lakes and develop a methodology for measuring use.

Rivers and lakes recreation review (PDF, 2.78 Mb)

Strategic opportunities and challenges in peri-urban recreation 

Dr Adrian Field, Synergia (due date: April 2012)

Peri-urban areas (those on the periphery of urban cities and towns or “front country”) are not well understood in terms of their potential to meet demand for outdoor recreation.

Using three case studies – in Auckland, Hamilton and Tauranga - this study will examine current and potential demand, the approaches taken to recreation development in each of the three cities, and the recreation experience of families living close to peri-urban areas (for example, what opportunities are available locally; what are the travel demands required for accessing recreation opportunities; what are the barriers and enablers to recreation). The implications of the results for recreation planning will be explored.

Family-oriented, non-competitive outdoor recreation events and on-going participation

Robyn Zink, Zink Research (due date: November 2011)

The role events play in fostering longer term participation in sport and recreation is not well understood. By interacting with participants at three events - The Big Coast Ride (19-20 March; Lower Hutt), The Meridian Bike Jam (22 May; Auckland), and Take a Kid Fishing (26 September; Dunedin) – the study will explore how taking part in an event may influence participation in the longer term. It will also explore young people's understandings of the outdoors and outdoor recreation, and how this may or may not differ from their parents.
 
A survey of past Take-A-Kid Fishing participants will also look at the extent to which young people continue fishing after attending an event.
 
This project will add to our knowledge of young people's recreation.

Family-oriented non-competitive outdoor recreation events (PDF, 2.59 Mb)

Report Summary (PDF, 203 Kb)

Mapping Outdoor Recreation – governance and leadership 

Dr Sally Shaw, University of Otago; Dr Robyn Zink, Zink Research; Dr Pip Lynch, Elcho Consulting Ltd (2012)

This is the final report from the project Mapping Outdoor Recreation Sector Governance: Models, capability, vision, which had three aims:

  • provide baseline information about the governance models used by respondent national outdoor recreation sector organisations;
  • examines the extent to which these outdoor recreation organisations are engaged in governance capability-building activities; and,
  • investigates 'governance' as a sector-wide process.

Mapping Outdoor Recreation Sector Governance (PDF, 1.28 Mb)

Young people’s sport and recreation

Analysing an intervention for sideline behaviours 

Dr Lynn Kidman and Simon Walters, Auckland University of Technology (AUT)

This research report details the evaluation of the effectiveness of an educational intervention implemented by the Sideline Behaviour Group (SBG) in the Greater Auckland area designed by the Group to improve sideline behaviours at children and youth sporting events (ages 6-18) across three sports codes (rugby, football and netball).

  Analysing an Intervention for Sideline Behaviours (PDF, 706 Kb)

Physical education in primary schools 

Professor Dawn Penney and Dr Clive Pope, University of Waikato 

This project provides an in-depth understanding of the delivery of PE, sport and recreation opportunities in primary schools - within and beyond the school curriculum. It explores key factors influencing provision, including the skills, knowledge and roles of teachers (specialist/non-specialist), coaches and other staff. It will discuss ways to enhance provision for students, teachers and other stakeholders.

Physical Education in Primary Schools Executive Summary (PDF, 281 Kb)

Physical Education in Primary Schools Full Report (PDF, 943 Kb)

Volunteers

Experiences and legacies of the Rugby World Cup 2011 Volunteer Programme

Dr Karen Smith, Victoria University of Wellington and Dr Geoff Dickson, Auckland University of Technology (AUT) (due date: December 2012).

This study will explore the legacies of the Rugby World Cup Team 2011 Volunteering Programme in terms of increasing participation in volunteering and the extent to which volunteers gain skills they can use in the workplace and their communities.

Team 2011 volunteers will be surveyed five times over 18 months, from 6 months before the event to 12 months after, to track motivations, experiences, intentions and behaviours over time.

High Performance sport

An evaluation of SPARC’s Coach Accelerator Programme (CAP)

Dr Lynn Kidman, Auckland University of Technology (AUT) and Professor Dawn Penney, University of Waikato (due date: March 2014)

The Coach Accelerator Programme (CAP) provides top coaches with the skills to produce World, Olympic and Paralympic champions within five years.  The research project will investigate what effect the programme has had on the pedagogical (coaching) skills of coaches involved in the programme to date and on their athletes’ learning (short-term). It will also seek to determine the ongoing effect of the CAP in relation to how coaches use established and new pedagogies to enhance athlete learning and performance at an elite level (long-term).
 
The study will look retrospectively at six coaches and their athletes from the the 2009 and 2010 intakes and track the development of two coaches from the 2011 intake for three years.

Talent development in the New Zealand sporting context 

Associate Professor Ken Hodge, University of Otago (due date: September 2011)

To continue to produce elite athletes who succeed on the international stage, it is vital to understand the paths current and former elite athletes have taken to achieve success. Around 20 (80 in total) current athletes, former athletes, and parents and coaches of elite athletes will take part in in-depth interviews to understand the performance and contextual factors necessary for talent identification and development.

Results will be used to recommend ways to improve future identification and development of champion athletes.

Talent Development in the New Zealand Context (PDF, 3.76 Mb)

 

Capability

Cash, Sinkholes and Sources* 

Dr Carolyn Cordery and Dr Rachel Baskerville, Victoria University of Wellington (due date: February 2012)

This study expands on a 2008/9 study, which analysed club finances at grassroots level, by taking a wider view and looking at two different sports – football and golf. By analysing clubs’, RSOs’ and NSOs’ financial statements and organisational documents and interviewing people from sporting organisations and other stakeholders (RSTs/TAs), the study will answer two questions:

  1. What can the sports’ key sources of funding tell us about their financial vulnerability?
  2. What non-financial resources strengthen sports clubs’ financial sustainability and contribute to organisational effectiveness?

Knowledge Sharing

Stocktake of New Zealand sport and recreation research by territorial authorities, regional sports trusts, national sports organisations 

Dr Gordon Cessford, Visitor Solutions (due date: October 2011)

TAs, RSTs and the larger NSOs commission a wide range of sport and recreation research but much of this is not readily available. This stocktake will identify and summarise research held by these organisations to make the sport and recreation sector aware of the information available and to identify key gaps in our knowledge.

Stocktake of NZ Community Sport and Recreation Research - Main Report (PDF, 1.18 Mb)

Stocktake of NZ Community Sport and Recreation Research - Supplementary Report (PDF, 1.2 Mb) 

 

Research Grants awarded 2009

Kay Booth
Lindis Consulting
Stock take of existing outdoor recreation research
$34,200
Stocktake of outdoor recreation research (PDF, 1.29 Mb)

Gill Worth
Massey University
$20,115.53
Drivers and impediments for grassroots participation in football
Research summary (PDF, 2.03 Mb)

Mark Orams
Auckland University of Technology (AUT)
$20,225
The influence of perceived risk on participation in outdoor education by pre-teen age schoolchildren in new zealand: Perspectives from EoTC teachers, boards of trustees’ parents and outdoor education providers
Research summary (PDF, 2.09 Mb)

Brent Lovelock
University of Otago
Understanding commitment and enduring involvement in outdoor recreation in New Zealand
$29,408

Understanding commitment and enduring involvement in outdoor recreation (PDF, 2.42 Mb)

Geoff Dickson
Auckland University of Technology (AUT)
The contribution of event training and event experience to long-term volunteerism
$37,466
Read Geoff's research summary »

Lisette Burrows

University of Otago
Young women’s experiences of sport within the secondary school context
$41,573
Read Lisette's research summary » (PDF, 677 Kb)

Deborah Widdowson
Auckland UniServices/University of Auckland
Relationship between sport participation, self-esteem, resilience, and truancy
$65,000
Read Deborah's research summary »

Barrie Gordon
Victoria University of Wellington
Sport and recreation in Pacific Island communities
$24,557
Sport and recreation in Pacific Island communities
(PDF, 423 Kb)

Research Grants awarded October 2008

Nicholas Gant
University of Auckland
The  influence of evaporative cooling accelerant on the thermoregulatory response to
exercise in the heat
$7,384
The influence of evaporative cooling accelerant on the thermoregulatory response to exercise in the heat (PDF, 4.14 Mb)

Jennifer Clarke
University of Canterbury
Analysis of data from the 2008 World Golf Croquet championship
$3,042
Analysis of data from the 2008 World Golf Croquet championships (PDF, 296 Kb)

$4,125

Hanin Hussain
University of Canterbury
Using complexity thinking to explore games of chase in the early childhood curriculum
$4,036

Louise Foley
University of Auckland
Physical activity measurement in New Zealand children
$21,950
Physical activity measurement in New Zealand children (PDF, 663 Kb)

Carolyn Cordery
Victoria University of Wellington
Financing sports organisations in New Zealand – the impacts of governors’ choices
 
Financing sports organisations in New Zealand – the impacts of governors’ choices (PDF, 753 Kb)

Judith Thomas
Auckland University of Technology
Enhancing cognitive performance through physical activity
$12,539

Gill Johnson
University of Otago

Spinal posture, mobility and lower back pain incidence in junior female rowers (PDF, 1.27 Mb)

$23,607

 

Chris Button
University of Otago
Examination of the visual search characteristics of elite netball players
$14,621
Examination of the visual search characteristics of elite netball players (PDF, 562 Kb)

James Croft
Auckland University of Technology
Relationship of hip strength to running mechanics in children aged 9 to 12 years
$7,174
Relationship of hip strength to running mechanics in children aged 9 to 12 years (PDF, 1.33 Mb)

 

Research Grants awarded March 2008

Marilyn Northcott
Victoria University of Wellington
The time squeeze - exploring the barriers to women's opportunities in physical activity
$2,248
Exploring the barriers to women's opportunities for physical activity

Anna Thompson
University of Otago
Family preferences, experiences and benefits associated with outdoor in Aotearoa
$19,572
Family preferences, experiences and benefits associated with outdoor in Aotearoa (PDF, 3.5 Mb)

Brent A Lovelock
University of Otago
$24,780
Recent immigrants' recreation experiences of outdoor-nature based settings in New Zealand
Recent immigrants' recreation experiences of outdoor-nature based settings in New Zealand

Geoff Dickson
Auckland University of Technology
Participation events and sustained, increased physical activity
$19,077
Participation events and sustained, increased physical activity (DOC, 284 Kb)

Andrew Kilding
Auckland University of Technology
Effect of hyperoxic training on high-intensity exercise performance
$18,938
Effect of hyperoxic training on high-intensity exercise performance (PDF, 113 Kb)

Kate White
Auckland University of Technology
Can playing active video games contribute to a child's daily physical activity?
$3,788
Energy expenditure during Nintendo Wii Active games report (PDF, 163 Kb) 

Research Grants Awarded October 2007

Andrew Edwards
Universal College of Learning (UCOL)
Optimising both inter-repetition recovery and the subsequent quality of interval training  among distance runners: comparison of perceptual recovery techniques with temporal and heart-rate methods
$14,012
Optimising both inter-repetition recovery and the subsequent quality of interval training among distance runners: comparison of perceptual recovery techniques with temporal and heart-rate methods. (PDF, 128 Kb)

Johann Edge
Massey University
Get your Act together: sleep deprivation and recovery from muscle damage
$7,008
The effects of sleep deprivation on muscle recovery and performance in athletes (PDF, 117 Kb)

Sarah Burkhart
Massey University
Assessment of nutritional knowledge and food-skills in talented adolescent athletes
$3,297
Nutritional knowledge and talented adolescent athletes (PDF, 151 Kb)

James Croft
Auckland University of Technology
Decision making in cricket batsman
$23,504
Visual Search Strategies of Cricket Batsmen (PDF, 646 Kb) 

Tom Vandenbogaerde
Auckland University of Technology
Effects of CHO -PRO supplements on swimmer performance
$5,266
Acute effects of carbohydrate-protein-electrolyte on performance in swimmers (PDF, 264 Kb)

Sonya Cameron
Auckland University of Technology
Enhancing buffering capacity in rugby union players: tolerability and performance
$13,598
Enhancing buffering capacity in rugby union players tolerability and performance (PDF, 441 Kb)

Anthony Schneiders
Otago University
Does musculoskeletal screening predict injury in elite athletes?
$22,013

Mike Hamlin
Lincoln University
Prediction of acute mountain sickness and sleep apnoea in subjects travelling to and training at altitude
$22,860
Prediction of acute mountain sickness and sleep apnoea in subjects travelling to and training at altitude (PDF, 464 Kb)

 

Research Grants Awarded April 2007

Shayne Galloway
University of Otago
New Zealand recreational river use study: specialization, motivation and decision-making
$25,000
2008 New Zealand River Recreation Survey (PDF, 3.17 Mb) 

Simon Walters
Auckland University of Technology
Touchline parents: the effect of parental involvement in children’s sport (PDF, 1.39 Mb)
$4,815

Andrew Kilding
Auckland University of Technology
Design and assessment of a child-friendly, community-based resistance training programme for the treatment of obesity
$20,172
Design and assessment of a school-based circuit training programme for the promotion of physical activity (PDF, 304 Kb)

Robin Quigg
University of Otago
Children’s activity in their local environment (PDF, 115 Kb)
$5,424

Justin Keogh
Auckland University of Technology
Can dancing improve physical activity levels, functional ability, and reduce falls in older adults?
$21,382
Can dancing improve physical activity levels, functional ability, and reduce falls in older adults? (PDF, 320 Kb)

Research Grants Awarded October 2006

Bob Gidlow
Lincoln University
Recreational divers, fishers and hunters: negotiating male leisure in the context of work and family commitments.
$11,62
Recreational hunters, fishers and divers in North Canterbury: outdoor enthusiasms in social contexts (PDF, 701 Kb)

Geoff Dickson
Auckland University of Technology
The New Zealand sport event sector: setting research priorities
$5,640
The New Zealand Sport Event Sector: Setting Research Priorities (PDF, 477 Kb)

Jim Cotter
University of Otago
Exercise-induced cardiac and cerebral dysfunction and damage in older athletes
$21,850
Exercise-induced cardiac and cerebral dysfunction and damage in older athletes (PDF, 62 Kb)

Lesley Ferkins
Unitec
Sport governance: developing strategic capability in National Sport Organisations
$5,850
Sport Governance: Developing Strategic Capability in National Sport Organisations (PDF, 661 Kb)

Mike Hamlin
Lincoln University
The effect of intermittent hypoxic training on performance
$7,552
The Effect of Intermittent Hypoxic Training on Performance (PDF, 176 Kb) 

Peter Milburn
University of Otago
Spinal symmetry and laterality and the risk of injury in cricketers
$9,073
Spinal Movement and Low Back Pain in New Zealand Cricket Bowlers (PDF, 1.94 Mb)

Richard Pringle
Waikato University
Physical activity promotion, health and effect of receiving a 'Green Prescription'
$22,200
Health and physical activity promotion A qualitative examination of the effect of receiving a Green Prescription (PDF, 859 Kb)

Stephen Stannard
Massey University
Effect of alcohol intake on eccentric exercise induced muscle damage
$4,770
Effect of Alcohol Intake on Eccentric Exercise Induced Muscle Damage (PDF, 146 Kb)

Research Grants awarded May 2006

Ajmol Ali
Massey University - Auckland
Fluid ingestion and soccer performance in female players
$4,730
Fluid Ingestion and Soccer Performance in Female Players (PDF, 828 Kb)

Melody Oliver
Auckland University of Technology
Physical activity in Auckland preschoolers: amount, associations, and accounts
$18,511.79
Physical Activity in Auckland Preschoolers: Amount, Associations, and Accounts (PDF, 591 Kb)

Craig Palmer
University of Otago
Energy supply in the Mystery Zone: enhancing performance in events lasting 1-5 Minutes
$7,633
Energy Supply in the Mystery Zone: Enhancing Performance in Events Lasting 1-5 Minutes (PDF, 113 Kb)

David Rowlands
Massey University - Wellington
Gene expression, protein synthesis and anabolic signalling during recovery from prolonged high-intensity cycling: effect of protein-enriched recovery Formulation
$25,000
Gene Expression Protein Synthesis and Anabolic Signalling during Recovery (PDF, 1.06 Mb) 

Christina Ryan
University of Waikato
Life as a carded athlete
$5,817.04
Life as a Carded Athlete (PDF, 128 Kb)

Stephen Brown
Massey University - Palmerston North
'Bite-size exercise' - effectiveness of reducing exercise bout duration
$25,000
Bite Size Exercise report (PDF, 151 Kb) 

Research Grants awarded July 2005 - December 2005

Matthew Brodie
Massey University
Optimisation of Performance in Alpine Ski Racing with Fusion Motion Capture
$25,000
Optimisation of athlete movement in Alpine Ski Racing (PDF, 2.75 Mb)

Chris Button
University of Otago
Developing a method to examine decision-making and physical demands in sport
$21,875
Research completed - download a brief summary:
Developing a Method to Examine Decision Making and Physical Demands of Football Refereeing (PDF, 180 Kb)

Heather Smith
University of Auckland
Serum myostatin as a biomarker of the restoration of disused skeletal muscle
$4,920
Research completed - download a brief summary:
Serum Myostatin as a Biomarker of the Restoration of Disused Skeletal Muscle (PDF, 26 Kb)

Roslyn Kerr
University of Canterbury
High-performance gymnastics in New Zealand
$2,500
High-performance gymnastics in New Zealand (PDF, 422 Kb)

Kirsty Newton
Otago University
Randomised pedometer trial: pedometers as motivational tools for increasing physical activity in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes
$4,904
Randomised Pedometer Trial Pedometers as Motivational Tools for Increasing Physical Activity in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes (PDF, 23 Kb)

Research Grants awarded September 2004 - June 2005

Amy Mason/Ben Miller
University of Auckland
Utility of lactate measurement for performance testing
$14,000
Research completed - download a brief summary:
A Sodium Lactate Infusion Does Not Change Time Trial Performance in Cyclists (PDF, 70 Kb)

Shona Thompson
University of Auckland
Assistance with a book on women in sport in New Zealand
$6,000
A review of 'Outstanding Research about Women and Sport in New Zealand'

Elizabeth Duncan
Auckland University of Technology
Physical activity, dietary patterns, and body composition of New Zealand adolescent girls: an ethnic comparative study
$9,170
2005 Girls Activity and Body Composition Study (PDF, 196 Kb)

Angela Abbott
University of Otago
Characteristics of development and excellence in Paralympic athletes
$21,414
Research completed - download a brief summary:
Characteristics of Development and Excellence in Paralympic Athletes (PDF, 36 Kb)

Anna Rolleston
University of Auckland
Energy and protein requirements of elite endurance athletes
$25,000
Energy and Protein Requirements of Elite Endurance Athletes (PDF, 516 Kb) 

Hanin Hussain
Christchurch College of Education
Learning journeys in active movement: a case study of professional development in active movement
$17,080
Learning Journeys in Active Movement: A Case Study of Professional Development in Active Movement (PDF, 285 Kb)

James Baldi
University of Auckland
The cardiovascular effect of regular exercise training in adolescents with Type 2 diabetes
$25,000
Research completed - download a brief summary:
The Cardiovascular Effect of Regular Exercise Training in Adolescents with Type 2 Diabetes (PDF, 23 Kb)

David Pease
University of Otago
Effect of reduced drag suits on efficiency of front-crawl swimming
$5,340
Research completed - download a brief summary:
Effect of Body Suits on Performance, Drag and Energy Cost of Swimming (PDF, 104 Kb)

 

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