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Relay - 25 August 2011

In this edition: In this edition: SPARC has released its Outdoor Recreation Research Agenda to assist collaboration between government agencies, non-government providers, and researchers by working on major knowledge gaps and issues. An initial list of priorities and research topics for the next four years starts the ball rolling.


Our New Zealand Coach magazine now has it's own website: 

Other highlights:

  •  Sports Development: The Scottish Government has released its five year plan for developing a world-class sporting system;
  •  Recreation: The ski season was late this winter, but those planning to hit the slopes still need to be well prepared to avoid injury. Sports Medicine Australia offers resources to assist skiers and snowboarders
  • Young People: the Australian Sports Commission reports on strategies to engage inactive children in sport by combining elements of popular sports.


High Performance Sport

New Zealand Football invites cities to host 2015 FIFA under 20 World Cup – 3 Aug 2011
Twelve New Zealand cities have been invited to bid for the hosting of FIFA Under 20 World Cup games in 2015. Described by New Zealand Football Chair Frank van Hattum as the second-biggest football tournament in the world, the event will be held in New Zealand in 2015 following the country's successful securing of the hosting rights this year. (Australasian Leisure Management)

London 2012 unveils Olympic medals – 28 Jul 2011
The London 2012 Organising Committee (LOCOG) has unveiled the medals that the world’s finest athletes will be striving to win at next year’s Olympic Games. The medals were revealed by Her Royal Highness, Princess Anne, and LOCOG Chairman Sebastian Coe at a special ceremony marking one year until the start of the Games. (

NZ students head to World University Games – 10 Aug 2011
A 62-strong New Zealand team has competed at this month's World University Games in athletics, men’s basketball, swimming and table tennis. The World University Games were held this year in Shenzhen, China. Also known as the Universiade, the games are held every four years and are the second largest global high performance multi-sports event after the Olympics. (Massey University)

Shenzhen striving to host green Universiade – 14 Aug 2011
Shenzhen, the host city of the 2011 World University Games, introduced the games with a "green" opening ceremony. Some 12,000 university athletes, coaches and officials witnessed the ceremony, which was unusual in that it offered none of the fireworks or other festivities usually associated with large-scale public events in China. (Universiade 2011)

Exciting new era for Black Ferns and England – 3 Aug 2011
England women will play three back-to-back rugby tests against world champions New Zealand in 2011, 2012, and 2013, resulting in a tantalising nine tests between the world's top two ranked teams. The confirmation of the Black Ferns programme creates certainty for New Zealand’s aspiring and recognised international players, a pathway for coaches and the NZRU to prepare the team for the next World Cup. It also provides a base on which to build the women’s game and fan base with a view to participation in the 2016 Olympic Games Sevens tournament in Rio. (Federation of Oceania Rugby Unions)

Blood tests for all athletes in unprecedented anti-doping programme – 11 Aug 2011
The IAAF will collect blood samples from all athletes taking part in the IAAF World Championships in Daegu, South Korea, in an unprecedented anti-doping programme. This programme will be conducted in close co-operation with the Lausanne WADA-accredited Anti-Doping Laboratory and with the support of the World Anti-Doping Agency and local partners.  (

New Zealanders at World Cycling Centre on their way to Moscow – 12 Aug 2011
New Zealand’s junior track cycling team has completed 12 days’ training at the World Cycling Centre (WCC) in Aigle, Switzerland, on its way to the UCI Juniors Track World Championships in Moscow, Russia.  The team of 11 – five male endurance athletes, four female endurance athletes and two female sprint competitors – were at the WCC from July 30th until August 11th to put the finishing touches to their World Championship preparations. (Union Cycliste Internationale)

“Green” wrap for London Olympic Stadium unveiled – 5 Aug 2011
As the final preparations for the Olympic Games come closer, the London Olympic Stadium will soon unveil its temporary, light-weight wrap. Designed by architecture firm Populous, it  adopts fresh sustainability ideas to create a compact, flexible and lightweight building inspired by the stage sets at outdoor events, in keeping with organisers’ commitment to greening the Olympic Games. (Architecture News)

London 2012 Games most risk-aware in history – 27 Jul 2011
London 2012 has put more effort to averting catastrophe than any other Olympic Games in history, according to an independent expert, Dr Will Jennings from The University of Manchester. The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) funded project identified the risks and challenges faced by the Olympics organisers and studied the measures put in place to combat them. (The University of Manchester)

International Sailing Federation vows to enhance experience for Olympic sailing spectators – 8 Aug 2011
The International Sailing Federation has vowed to make sailing as accessible as possible to spectators at the 2012 Olympics. Weymouth and Portland have been hosting the official sailing test event ahead of the Games, with 470 sailors competing across all 10 Olympic disciplines at an international regatta on the south coast of England. (Sport Business)

Call for next generation of Olympic talent – 11 Jul 2011
British Olympic gold medallists Christine Ohuruogu and Amy Williams have launched a call to unearth future Olympians with an aptitude for speed and power.  The talent search is targeting sportsmen and women between the ages of 15 and 26 who possess the speed, power and raw talent to represent Great Britain at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio and 2018 Winter Olympics in South Korea. (The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences)

Barbara Kendall elected as IOC member at IOC sessions in Durban – 11 Jul 2011
New Zealand Olympic Windsurfing Champion Barbara Kendall has been elected a member of the International Olympic Committee at the 123rd session of the IOC in Durban, South Africa. (International Sailing Federation)

Sports Development

Christchurch gets boost of Elite Nationals through 2015 – 31 Jul 2011
Christchurch City has been given a confidence boost with BikeNZ awarding the Elite Road National Championship to the city for another three years from 2013. The RaboDirect Elite Road National Championship, New Zealand’s premier road cycling event, has been held in Christchurch since 2010 as part of a three year allocation. (Cycling New Zealand)

Hockey Players’ Association help take Black Sticks into a new era – 11 Aug 2011
After working together for a number of years, The Hockey Players’ Association has formalised a new agreement with Hockey New Zealand, on behalf of the athletes it represents. The form of a memorandum of understanding firms up the foundation for the future growth and commercial development of the sport. (Hockey New Zealand)

Watching sport: what kind of fan are you? – 29 Jul 2011
An expert at The University of Nottingham is challenging many widely held beliefs about sport, and what it does to fans, in his new book Watching Sport. The book tackles a wide range of topics tied to watching sport, including: dividing people who watch sport into two camps (the purists and the partisans); the ethics in sport and life; collective emotion; love, allegiance and identity and ‘why do we care?’. (The University of Nottingham)

Student Sport Transitions Project – 19 Jul 2011
Courtesy of Kiwisport funding through Sport Wellington, the Upper Hutt City Council Community Recreation team have been focusing on secondary school leavers, club development and the transition in and out of college sport.  The project officially came to an end in June 2011 with some outstanding results, far surpassing the identified targets in a number of areas. Full results and information about the scope of this project can be accessed online at: (New Zealand Recreation Association)

We need to talk about volunteering: the flawed third principle of volunteering – July 2011
Definitions of volunteering have long been based on its three principles: that it is of freewill, unpaid, and of benefit. This paper argues that the third principle is a key weakness of the definition and we should not afford everything that might bear the label volunteering the accolade of being for benefit. (Institute for Volunteering Research)

Water Safety New Zealand elected to Australian Council for Teaching Swimming and Water Safety – 2 Aug 2011
Water Safety New Zealand has been elected as a member of The Australian Council for Teaching Swimming and Water Safety (AUSTSWIM). This appointment is significant as, while AUSTSWIM works in partnership with a number of international countries in the provision of AUSTSWIM teacher training, it is the first time an organisation outside of Australia has been elected to the Council. (Water Safety New Zealand)

UK Culture, Media and Sport Committee publishes report on football governance – 29 Jul 2011
In a major report, the Commons Culture, Media and Sport Committee says big changes need to be made to the way football is run in England to address financial instability and levels of debt in the game, and to secure its future. (UK Parliament)

World Anti-Doping Agency sets out strategic plan for next five years – 26 Jul 2011
WADA has published the fourth revision of its Strategic Plan, which covers the period 2011 to 2016. The plan, which was created in 2001 and revised in 2004 and 2007, has been developed to align WADA’s activities and resources over the next five years. There is a link to the plan on this site. (World Anti-Doping Agency)

Developing a world class sporting system - SportScotland corporate plan 2011-2015
SportScotland’s corporate plan 2011-2015 outlines key programmes and high level indicators, including a focus on two specific Scottish Government policies that guide our work: Let’s Make Scotland More Active – a strategy for physical activity, and Reaching Higher: Building on the success of sport 21, the national strategy for sport. (SportScotland)

Refuting 'sex sells' women's sport – 8 Aug 2011
Mary Jo Kane, sport media scholar and the Director of the Tucker Center for Research on Girls & Women in Sport at the University of Minnesota, writes a column on sport, media and gender. Kane addressed the notion that "sex sells" women's sports and focused on her own research as well as 40 years of sport media scholarship. (Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity)

IRB helps aspiring coaches and referees – 11 Aug 2011
Delivering best practice development pathways for up and coming coaching and refereeing talent around the world was the focus of an intensive week-long International Rugby Board course held in Stellenbosch, South Africa.  (International Rugby Board)

Sport's unsung heroes - involvement in non-playing roles – 27 Jun 2011
The most recent ABS survey of Involvement in Organised Sport and Physical Activity was conducted in April 2010 – 2011 and found that an estimated 1.6 million people (or 9%) were involved in a non-playing role in the previous 12 months. Five percent were involved in both a playing and non-playing role while 4% were involved in a non-playing role only. (Australian Bureau of Statistics)

NZRA Chief Executive resigns – 3 Aug 2011
The New Zealand Recreation Association (NZRA) has accepted the resignation of its Chief Executive Steve Gibling, from 23rd September. NZRA President John Latimer said the resignation “is due to personal reasons relating to family down in Christchurch and the on-going earthquakes that have shaken so many.” (Australasian Leisure Management)

Sport Science, Medicine and Coaching

Focusing on result will only heighten RWC anxiety – 10 Aug 2011
Leading sport psychologist Gary Hermansson says the All Blacks need to put their ultimate goal out of their minds if they are to succeed in the upcoming Rugby World Cup. Dr Hermansson was an academic staff member at Massey University for many years and now provides sport psychology support to the University’s Academy of Sport athletes. (Massey University)

Exercises to reduce hamstring strains – August 2011
To have success in most sports, an athlete must be able to run fast and quickly change direction. However, the forces generated in the hamstring muscle group while running may cause a strain injury. Hamstring injuries tend to occur during an eccentric lengthening of the muscle. The inclusion of eccentric exercises is thought to address an athlete’s strength deficits in a functional manner. (National Strength and Conditioning Association)

Effect of a pre-workout energy supplement on acute multi-joint resistance exercise – June 2011
The effect of a pre-workout energy supplement on acute multi-joint resistance exercise was examined in eight resistance-trained college-age men. Results suggest that acute ingestion of a high energy supplement 10 minutes prior to the onset of a multi-joint resistance training session can augment training volume and increase power performance during the workout. (Journal of Sports Science and Medicine)

Evolution of sport performance follows a physiological law – 1 Jul 2011
Study suggests performance peaks from 20 to 30 years of age, then declines irreversibly. Researchers at the Institut de Recherche bioMédicale et d'Epidemiologie du Sport in France have published their findings in AGE, the official journal of the American Aging Association, describing the evolution of performances in elite athletes and chess grandmasters. This article uses the epidemiological approaches developed by the laboratory, and suggests that changes in individual performance are linked to physiological laws structuring the living world. (Alpha Galileo)

A long day outdoors: mental conditioning for ironman triathlons – 17 Jul 2011
Long-course and Ironman-distance triathlons are very long events, 70.3 and 140.6 miles long respectively. And they take a long time to finish. How do you maintain your focus and your resolve during this training and racing time and resist the temptation to cave? (Podium Sports Journal)

The athletic hurdles to prestige: a case report – 2011
This case report presents a history, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of a young tennis athlete on scholarship to Florida State University. He sustains an acute ankle injury, he and his parents choose alternative and complementary sports medicine rather than traditional methods and procedures for the health care of the young athlete. This case report details the procedures used to manage the acute ankle injury and the latest athletic training methods for sports rehabilitation. (The Sport Journal)

New article could affect training methods – 6 Aug 2011
A new study examines training methods used by runners and how changes in the type of training might have a significant impact on the incidence of training injuries. (The Sport Digest)

Penn study finds a genetic basis for muscle endurance – 18 Jul 2011
Researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have identified a gene for endurance, or more precisely, a negative regulator of it. Not having the gene relates to greater endurance in the knockout mice that were studied. (University of Pennsylvania)

Video analysis system for boxers packs a punch – 13 July 2011
A hi-tech video capture system that is helping Britain's 2012 Olympics hopes has won a major award for its work with boxing athletes. The iBoxer system, developed by researchers at Sheffield Hallam University's Centre for Sports Engineering Research in conjunction with the English Institute of Sport, won the Best New Sports Technology category in the MBNA Northern Sports Awards. (English Institute of Sport)

Factors affecting the recovery-stress, burnout and mood state scores of elite student rugby players - 2010
The results of this study suggest that playing position, experience level and starting status should be considered in player management strategies and during the psycho-social monitoring of players aimed at reducing the onset and development of overtraining and burnout. (South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation)

Active Communities

Challenge yourself to 'Swim the Distance' at the Olympic Pool – 26 Jul 2011
Gisborne Olympic Pool staff often hear people saying that they would like to swim more often but just need that incentive to get them out of the house. The ‘Swim the Distance’ Challenge could be just that. For an entry fee of only $50, each participant gets 2 months unlimited entry to the Olympic Pool. As swimmers swim the distance over the 2 months of August and September, they can earn additional entries into the prize pool, and see if they can claim the grand prize of a weekend stay in a Mahia holiday home. (Gisborne District Council)

New South Wales BikePlan – June 2011
The NSW BikePlan outlines how the NSW Government will work in partnership with local councils, communities and businesses to grow bike-riding over the next ten years. There has already been a significant increase in cycling in NSW and the NSW BikePlan supports the continuation of this growth. (Bicycle Information New South Wales)

Pipwharauroa Trail opens to public – 2 Aug 2011
The Waikato’s Pipiwharauroa Trail will open to the public on 27 August. After an early morning opening ceremony, a group from the Raglan Mountain-biking Club will be the first to experience the 18 kilometre return track over privately-owned farmland on the Wharauroa Plateau. (Waikato District Council)

MountainBiking Otago Inc using waste product as all-weather track surface – 9 Aug 2011
MountainBiking Otago Inc has permission from the Dunedin City Council to develop a multi-use climbing track at Signal Hill Reserve. Starting at the back of Logan Park School, the two-metre wide track zigs and zags for some six kilometres before emerging on the plateau near the monument. The track is designed so a person of moderate fitness can run, walk or ride up and back, while those with greater skill can use the other purpose-designed, down-hill tracks. (Dunedin City Council)

Hydrotherapy pool opens – August 2011
After decades of desire and years of hard work, the Hamilton hydrotherapy pool was officially opened last month. Residents now have easy access to a pool steeped in health and wellbeing benefits, while for members of the Hamilton Hydrotherapy Pool Trust it marks the end of a long fundraising effort. (Hamilton City Council)

Memorial Park Sports Pavilion – 27 Jul 2011
Development of a new sports pavilion at Memorial Park is going ahead thanks to a $250,000 Lotteries grant. Opotiki district councillor and chairman of the Memorial Park pavilion working group Robbie Peterson said hard work to gain funding had paid off. (Opotiki District Council)

Baypark’s new TECT arena opens for the community – 9 Aug 2011
Tauranga’s biggest venue will open for business in just over two weeks’ time and the public are invited to a special open day to check out the new $41 million facility. While the venue opens for operation on the 26th August, a special open day on Saturday 3rd September from 12pm – 3pm will be a chance for the community to participate in opening celebrations. (Tauranga City Council)

QEII Fitness at Parklands opens – 9 Aug 2011
Christchurch City Council can once again offer health and fitness opportunities to communities in eastern Christchurch with the move of the QEII fitness centre to Parklands Community Centre now complete. (Christchurch City Council)


Outdoor Recreation Research Agenda – August 2011
SPARC (Sport and Recreation NZ) has released an Outdoor Recreation Research Agenda. The Agenda is intended to assist SPARC, other government agencies, outdoor recreation organisations, research institutions and researchers to work together to address strategic research topics and issues that will contribute to achieving the strategy. (SPARC)

New qualification for park rangers launched – 29 Jul 2011
A new national qualification for people working in the parks and reserves industry was launched on 29 July, World Ranger Day, by Skills Active Aotearoa and New Zealand Recreation Association. (Skills Active Aotearoa)

New opportunities antidote to “tough environment” for ecotourism industry – 1 Aug 2011 (PDF, 1.1 Mb)
Ecotourism operators from around New Zealand are meeting in Greymouth this month to discuss issues affecting their sector, including ways to overcome the challenging economic climate. The Ecotourism Business Workshop will be hosted by Ecotourism NZ on 19 August. A key focus of the event will be supporting and inspiring operators to improve their business performance and profitability. (Ecotourismnz)

Toratora mountain bike trail – 21 Jul 2011
A slice of historic coastal south Wairarapa farmland will be opened to the public from this spring thanks to a new tourism venture. Toratora is a new mountain bike experience found on the historic Tora Station, located 30mins from the wine village of Martinborough and 1.5 hours’ drive northeast of Wellington. (Endurance Sport NZ)

Ski smarter – 25 Jul 2011
Those planning to hit the slopes need to be well prepared to get the best from their alpine experience, cautions Sports Medicine Australia. To aid preparation, the organisation’s sports injury prevention programme, Smartplay, has developed a range of fact sheets to assist skiers and snowboarders prepare their bodies and minimise their risk of injury. (Sports Medicine Australia)

Walking Access Mapping System open for public use – 21 Jul 2011
People who love the outdoors can now find all publicly accessible rivers, mountains, lakes, forests, beaches and legal roads thanks to a new online mapping system developed by the New Zealand Walking Access Commission. (Walking Access)

Where are the people of colour in U.S. national parks? – 3 Aug 2011
The National Park system is often called “America’s Best Idea,” but according to a new report, it remains more like terra incognita for many people of colour.  “The National Park System Comprehensive Survey of the American Public,” conducted by the University of Wyoming, is a follow-up to a much-cited report on race/ethnicity among park visitors conducted in 2000. (

Young People

Positive sporting experiences key for children's development – 22 Jul 2011
A cohesive team environment, assessing one's own performance rather than comparing with others, and involvement in enjoyably challenging practices are the main conditions needed for children to have a positive developmental experience playing team sports. (Medical News Today)

Coach modifies traditional sports to engage inactive kids – 27 Jul 2011
Imagine playing a traditional sport like basketball or netball and mixing it with an activity like skateboarding. West Australian coach Matt Winter has done exactly that, playing a pivotal role in the design of his sport ‘Ripaball’, which is targeted at children of all abilities. (Australian Sports Commission)

Supporting school improvement through play – February 2011
The English Outdoor Play and Learning (OPAL) Programme provides mentored support to help schools create the best conditions for play in primary schools. Between 2007 and 2011 OPAL has been trialled in over 60 schools in South Gloucestershire, Bristol, Wiltshire and North Somerset.  OPAL uses a structured development tool which allows the school and the mentor to work out a detailed development plan or play policy tailored to the specific needs of the school. (Play England)

iWay provides bikes and helmets for pre-schoolers – 5 Aug 2011
Hastings District Council’s iWay project has come to the aid of a preschool and provided both bikes and helmets for kids who want to learn to ride bikes. iWay team leader Owen Mata received an email from the children at Future Kids preschool who love to learn to ride bikes but only had three helmets for all of them to share. (Hastings District Council)

The contribution of dance to daily physical activity among adolescent girls – 4 Aug 2011
Structured physical activity (PA) programmes are well positioned to promote PA among youth. However, little is known about these programmes, particularly dance classes. The aims of this study were to describe PA levels of girls enrolled in dance classes, determine the contribution of dance classes to total moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and compare PA between days with a dance class and days without a dance class. (International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity)

Children should rely on safety equipment to prevent school sports injuries – 3 Aug 2011
Many children return to sports such as soccer, football, cross-country and volleyball when they return to school. Jon Divine, M.D., previously director of Sports Medicine at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Centre and now head team physician at the University of Cincinnati, says it’s most important for parents to help their children get in shape before showing up for the first day of practice or try-outs to reduce the risk of injury. (newswise)

Getting kids active! - where and how do Canadian children participate in sport? – 18 Jul 2011
This Canadian study looks at whether children primarily engage in sport in structured or unstructured environments, make use of a coach, train or compete for their sport. (Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute)

The German Young Olympic Athletes' Lifestyle and Health Management Study: design of a mixed-method study – 31 May 2011
In order to perform at top levels, elite athletes have to both protect and risk their health at the same time. Adolescent elite athletes have the additional challenge of coping with substantial physical, psychological and social transformations.  The GOAL Study (German Young Olympic Athletes' Lifestyle and Health Management Study) analyses the individual and organizational management of health in adolescent elite sports. (BMC Public Health)

The Norway Cup 2011 a sign of tolerance – 8 Aug 2011
On Saturday, 6 August 2011, the Norway Cup 2011, one of the biggest sport and development youth events in the world, came to a close in Oslo. After the twin terror attacks from 22 July 2011, where 68 of the 77 victims were youth, there was a bit of uncertainty as to whether or not the football tournament should take place. (The International Platform on Sport and Development)

Useful Weblinks

Youth Sports:
In your child’s soccer game, do you find yourself cursing the poor referee? Does your child yell at teammates when a ball is dropped? This web page has a series of articles with tips and advice to help put the fun back in youth sports. Some of the topics include; how to be a good fan at your child’s games, effective tips for talking to coaches, and what kids say about playing youth sports.

Want to know the environmental impact of your surfboards? Decarbonated is a company run by surfers, who care about the environment, and they have created a world first; the Surfboard Carbon Calculator, an online tool to allow surfers to work out the environmental impact of their favourite Surfboards. 

ACC SportSmart
Sports injuries are not caused by one single factor. Often sports injuries are the result of a number of conditions and circumstances. ACC SportSmart is a 10-point action plan for sports injury prevention, which includes an educational resource and coaches’ kit.